Presented as a plant wall that has marked a trend in both interior and exterior designs, the vertical garden integrates nature and architecture in the same urban environment. We bring you some keys to prepare yours from our blog Decoration , do you accompany us?
Types of vertical gardens
The integration of vegetation in the building can be done in all kinds of spaces, whether indoor or outdoor. The first ones have very different advantages that improve the environment in the buildings. And, is that, evapotranspiration and the effects of insulation contribute to regulate the temperature which will result in a lower bill when it comes to cooling the room where it is located.
Each vertical garden is able to absorb harmful gases and release oxygen. Some of these substances are, for example, formaldehyde, carbon monoxide or benzene, which are the cause of many problems from the health point of view.
Among the different types of existing vertical gardens we can highlight the following:
– Nébula vertical gardens: this system is structured by aerial plants and that only needs the properties that the air offers to survive. No watering is necessary.
– Vertical Garden Leaf Box: presents a modular construction made to measure and with panels that have been created in waterproof materials and to which Sphagnum moss is placed. Thanks to this type of panels you can count on ultraviolet protection.
Although the best known could be summarized in these points:
Indoor vertical garden
The interior vertical gardens, thought for example, to incorporate on the wall of our living room, hall or living room, should be formed by plants that adapt to this type of environments as is the case of the common ivy, the climbing ficus , asparagus, fern, anthurium, bird’s nest, plant cebrina, tape or potos.
Vertical indoor gardens, as we have mentioned before, will bring numerous benefits to the inhabitants of a house. And, is that, among other things, the plant insulator will be very useful to reduce noise levels by up to 10 decibels, not to mention that it absorbs the toxic substances that predominate in the environment and can damage our health, as is the case of formaldehyde.
It will also help to maintain the ideal degree of humidity, improving air quality, regulate the temperature of the room and combat the so-called “sick building syndrome” by increasing oxygen levels and purifying the environment.
Vertical outdoor garden
The vertical outdoor gardens, designed to dispose on the facades of buildings or walls of our garden, are plant walls that should have plants like “girl on boat” (purple), geraniums, bromeliads, hostas, hoyas, iris japonica or dew.
Vertical outdoor gardens will also bring great benefits to the environment, since they reduce the heat island effect of large cities, enable unused urban spaces, create a pleasant landscape, and configure an ecosystem in the city that will allow the integration of autochthonous species.
Make your own home vertical garden
When creating your own home vertical garden you have to take into account a series of fundamental questions. First of all, we must bear in mind that the creation process behind it studies both the environmental conditions and the materials of the wall in which they are to be installed, as well as the plant species and their own maintenance.
-The construction of this type of space is based on a metal structure that will support the weight of the plant wall and that will be kept separated from the facade by a plastic sheet as a waterproof screen. With this, we will be able to maintain our vertical home garden isolated from the walls, thus avoiding humidity or that the roots themselves may deteriorate the wall.
-There is another material that will play a very important role in the construction of our vertical garden. It is a polyamide felt and strong enough to not deteriorate with moisture, since it will be the perfect base for the roots to grow and become entangled. However, we can also make use of other materials such as PVC or pallets.
-At the time of making our vertical garden, you must remember that there are very different types depending on the material used or the plant species . Thus, for example, we can count on the most complex that include entire facades of buildings to the most accessible to decorate the wall of our living room or garden.
In any case, the metal or pallet structure you have chosen should be hung on the wall as if it were a canvas, so you should choose appropriate studs and screws for each type of surface. Later, you can add the plastic sheet and fix it at the back. In the weeks after the planting of our vegetables, we should keep the garden in a horizontal position so that the plants settle.
-When you are ready to water the plants , the best thing you can do is to place a drip irrigation pipe on the top so that the water is filtered. Do not forget to leave a small air chamber between the structure and the wall to avoid humidity.
-The work of these plants that has to be carried out is the same as that of any conventional garden, requiring your tasks of pruning, fertilizing, replanting. There is a series of preventive works such as the use of fungicides and fertilizers that will allow you to control pests that may deteriorate the appearance of plants.
-With regard to the type of plants, the species that best adapt to this type of garden are, for example, Epífitas, a species that does not require a large space for its growth and grow by itself on other plants, an essential characteristic for this kind of gardens.
On the other hand, we also have “Loops of love”, another species that is characterized by its resistance, its rapid growth and easy to grow. Its leaves have an elongated shape with white details and different brush strokes of green. The “incense plant”, suitable for use in small spaces. Its leaves are elongated and has a yellowish color. It can be placed as a climber.
Another very interesting option is the ferns, characterized by their great adaptability to any type of space. Along with all these could also be marked “baby tear”, “dew”, “cineraria”, “begonia”, “geranium”, “anthurium” or “nutshell”.
What do you think of the vertical garden to complete the interior or exterior design of your home?