The fire safety rests on three pillars: On the one hand, the environmental conditions (which may be favorable or unfavorable to the spread of fire). On the other, fire protection systems (passive protection and active protection). Last, and not least, by the system or protocol that exists in the home or building to this type of incident.
How to protect a building from fire
One of the key pieces in fire protection is the sectorization of the building or home . But what does this mean? The sectorization of a house refers to the confinement of the rooms or floors in order to isolate the fire from the rest of the rooms and prevent it from spreading .
The passive protection begins with an efficient assessment of the structure and the elements of the architecture of the building. Among the main passive protection measures include the implementation of fire resistant doors or firewall type gates.
If a house or building implements passive protection solutions , not only will fires be more controlled, but firefighters will have greater visibility when developing their work and extracting polluting gases and toxic fumes.
We must bear in mind that it is necessary that active protection works so that the active protection is effective. The latter is composed of several elements. Among them, it is necessary that the fire detection central function correctly and be able to identify and communicate the alarm signals that have been previously detected.
Of course, the detection systems play an indispensable role for the solution of the incident in time. A good example are the smoke and flame detectors .
The means for manual extinguishing and fire extinguishers, fire hydrants both equipped or powder extinguishers. There are also systems that integrate the measures and resources of extinction as the detection so it automates the process with extinguishers such as dust, gases or water mist.