The COLUMNEA stands out in the world of Indoor hanging plants spectacle due to their masses of flowers orange-red overflowing hanging baskets in the spring and summer, and fish resembling “goldfish”, name which is also popularly used to refer to this beautiful plant genus.
Most of the 160 species of COLUMNEA are native to tropical areas of Central and South America and is characterized by its flexible stems that spring from a firm and then fall as they grow into a kind of waterfall.
The species most used as indoor hanging plant is the COLUMNEA Microphylla which can be developed smoothly in bright places but in the shade, and must always be careful to keep it away from direct sunlight and drafts dry or cold. There are also commercial hybrids that offer a wide variety when it comes to the colors of the flowers and the shape of its leaves.
Usually the COLUMNEA grown from seedlings that are placed in high or hanging pots so that their stems have enough space to hang unimpeded as they grow. The container is partially filled with universal substrate (mild acid) and then place the plant and then adds a little more land.
The soil should be constantly moist, but not flooded, because this makes the COLUMNEA lose its ability to absorb water, so that their lower leaves turn yellow and fall off. Also, the sudden drop of all flowers is an indication that it has been abused with irrigation.
Therefore, it is advisable to water the plant slowly and smoothly (as rain), once a week in summer and winter every 15 days. When leaves COLUMNEA are dry and wrinkled, is a sign of lack of moisture, so it is recommended to spray the plant with water, avoid wetting the flowers.
It is important to note that after flowering should reduce risks for the plant to rest for the winter and bloom again strongly in the next season.
A useful tip for improving irrigation efficiency, oxygenate the soil and prevent the occurrence of fungi in these plants is to remove the soil inside the pot periodically with a small fork.